Vernacular Architecture (2)
What are the Materials Used in Vernacular Architecture?
Vernacular architecture is about using locally available materials for construction. The materials used in this architecture vary from place to place. The construction elements include adobe, rammed earth, mud bricks, thatch, cob, bamboo, stone, clay, timber, compressed brick blocks, clay-fly ash burnt bricks etc. It is sheltered in response to climate. It culturally connects with the surroundings. It uses materials that are available locally.
What are the Influences on Vernacular Architecture?
One of the most significant influences on vernacular architecture is its macro climate of the area. The design of vernacular architecture evolves over time according to the contexts where the building exists and including various other factors which include:
The availability of resources
The skilled workforce
Natural and local skills
The vernacular architecture includes a traditional design which is climatically responsive and aesthetically pleasing. But, traditional architecture is different from the vernacular, though they are inter-related. It is a climate responsive design, built to lower the environmental impact, thereby reducing energy consumption. “In this case, the old architecture – especially from vernacular – has much to teach us, as it always develops a typology of fundamental sense.”
Various vernacular practices have evolved over the years with locally available materials and new techniques to fulfill the needs of the people. Climate is the factor responsible for influencing the architectural forms and keeping the inhabitants comfortable. In order to respond to the climate, the building designs have incorporated various elements like the courtyard for the interior in order to escape the summer heat.
What are the Factors Influencing Vernacular Architecture?
Following are the factors influencing vernacular architecture:
Climatic & geological
Local materials used
Vernacular architecture establishes a relationship between people, climate and architecture. It demonstrates identity and sustainability. It reflects time, place and culture. The sustainable approach already exists in vernacular architecture. The constructions involved here are simple and can easily merge with nature. It is less costly as the materials are locally available, hence the transportation costs gets reduced. The important features of vernacular architecture are durability and versatility. The basic goal includes producing functional buildings. Vernacular traditions exist for different climates and cultures. It keeps our traditions alive. Vernacular architecture is shaped by a vast variety of elements from history and the rich vibrant culture.